Dental Injuries

There can be many accidents to the mouth where teeth are evulsed (knocked out), broken (fractured) or forced out of their original position (extruded). Cheeks, gums and lips can also suffer cuts. The occurrence of oral injuries can be very painful and in such cases you should visit your dentist as quickly as possible.

Teeth that are Evulsed

If a tooth has been knocked out you need to:

Contact us for a dental appointment and see if you can recover the tooth. If you find the tooth then you should gently rinse it, without scrubbing too hard, to get rid of dirt. Put the sanitised tooth in between your gum and cheek. Don't try to put the tooth back in the opening as this could lead to more damage. Visit the dental practice as swiftly as you are able to. If you can get there in around half an hour after the incident, it is feasible to restore the tooth. If there is no way to stock the tooth in the injured person's mouth (for example, young child) gently cover the tooth in a dirt-free cloth and put the cloth into milk.

Extruded Teeth

In cases where the tooth is somehow knocked or moved out of position (outward or inward) it needs to be realigned to its usual position with gentle finger pressure. You should not pressure the tooth into the opening. Keep the tooth in position with a damp tissue. As with evulsed teeth it is important to go to the dentist within half an hour. The treatment of a fractured tooth will come down to how bad the injury is. Irrespective of the injury the treatment will be based on the dentist's guidance.

Small Fractures

Small fractures can easily be smoothed down by the dental practitioner with a small sandpaper disc or they may be left alone. The other alternative is to reinstate the tooth through a composite restoration process. Whatever treatment is applied you should look after your teeth for the next few days.

Moderate Fractures

Dentin, pulp and enamel are associated with moderate fractures. If the pulp is not damaged in a permanent fashion, the tooth could be fully repaired with a permanent crown. In cases where there is damage, additional action will be needed.

Serious Fractures

Severe fractures can result in a traumatised tooth and there is a limited possibility of mending. Injuries to the interior of the mouth comprise puncture wounds, lacerations and tears to the lips, tongue or cheek. The wound needs to be cleaned immediately and the person assisted to the treatment room for wound repair and suturing.

Tongue laceration bleeding can be decreased by moving the tongue into a forward position and using a cloth to put strain on the wounded area.

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